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Mental Health

About Mental Health

Mental health can be either emotional, psychological, or social well-being. Mental health influences our thought processes, feelings, and our behaviour. It affects things such as how we handle stress and make healthy life choices. 

Poor mental health can afflict many risks for physical health problems such as heart disease and stroke. 

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List of Mental Illnesses

Mental Illnesses are disorders that affect your mood, thinking, and behaviour. Mental health concerns affects people from time to time, but it becomes an illness when ongoing signs and symptoms cause persistent stress and your ability to function properly.

Causes of Mental Illness

There isn't a specific cause for mental illness, but there are a number of factors that increase the risk for it, such as:

  • Trauma
  • History of abuse

  • Use of alcohol or drugs

  • Sexual assault

  • Feelings of loneliness or isolation

  • Experiences related to chronic medical conditions such as cancer

If you ever need someone to talk to, please call (888) 273-TALK (8255)


Depression is a common and severe mental illness that affects how you feel and think negatively. For example, it causes sadness or loss of interest in things you once loved.

Signs of Depression can include:

  • Loneliness

  • Exhaustion

  • Family withdrawal

  • Violent behaviour

  • Appetite alterations

  • Contemplation of Suicide

Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety disorders are usually identified by excessive fear and worry related to a person's behaviour. Different types of anxiety disorders; include generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and social anxiety disorder.

Symptoms of anxiety disorders are:

  • Feeling nervous or restless

  • Breathing rapidly

  • Sweating

  • Trembling

  • Sensing impending danger or doom

  • Trouble concentrating

Anorexia Nervosa

Anorexia is an eating disorder identified by low body weight and a fear of gaining weight. People with anorexia put a lot of control over their weight and shape, going far to the point where it starts to affect their life.

Symptoms of Anorexia are:

  • Fatigue

  • Extreme weight loss or thin appearance

  • Dizziness or fainting

  • Insomnia

  • Low blood pressure

  • Frequently skipping meals or refusing to eat

  • Lying about how much food was eaten

  • Making excuses for not eating

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